First Hydrogen Selling Facility Opens Up in California In May 2014, Cal State opened the nation’s largest hydrogen fueling station on a university campus. The hydrogen is produced on-site utilizing sustainable energy sources such as solar and wind power. As a result of recent rules, it is now permissible to sell fuel to consumers.
Why is this such a huge deal?
Due to the fact that no one has been able to correctly quantify the amount of hydrogen that goes into a vehicle’s tank, no one has been able to charge a fee.
Hydrogen can be sold by kilogram to fuel cell drivers after passing a strict state performance evaluation. Despite the fact that they haven’t divulged the actual procedure, their station has attracted worldwide attention. Last year we had visitors from Korea and Japan. This year we’ve had visitors from Germany, Scotland, and the Russian Federation.
The road to decreasing expenses is a rocky one
Its goal is to reduce the cost of producing green hydrogen to $1.50 a kilogram by 2020, compared to present costs of $4-$7 a kilogram. Paul Schultz, LADWP’s director of power external energy resources, says that’s well out of reach when compared to natural gas, which is now accessible for around 15 percent of the cost of renewable hydrogen.
HyDeal LA’s initial phase will use the now-dominant “green hydrogen” technology, which uses renewable-energy-powered electrolyzers to split water into hydrogen and oxygen. We’ll also be looking at how extensively this greenhouse gas-free gasoline can be commercialized in the coming months as part of our modeling.
Electricity to power electrolyzers, as well as the cost of the electrolyzers themselves, are all factors in the price of green hydrogen.
This excess power may be utilized to electrolyze hydrogen in California, which already produces more solar power than it can use or export during certain hours of the year. LA may potentially be able to draw into local rooftop solar surplus.
According to LADWP General Manager Martin Adams, using only excess renewable energy will not generate high enough capacity factors to cost-effectively create the amounts of hydrogen needed in the coalition’s early stages.
Hydrogen Selling Facility Opens Up in California
On top of that, there are additional transportation fees. Pure hydrogen, on the other hand, will require new or upgraded pipeline networks to handle the distinct variances between hydrogen and methane molecules. Alternatively, hydrogen can be transported by tanker trucks, although this is a far more expensive method.
As a result of its flammability and ability to escape via even the tiniest breaches, hydrogen poses a dilemma when it comes to safe storage. It’s possible to use above-ground tanks, underground storage facilities, or a combination of the two.
When asked about the final cost of green hydrogen in an interview in June, David Edwards, director of the industrial gas company Air Liquide, said: “It’s hard to say.”
As of now, Air Liquide delivers renewable hydrogen to California’s automobile refueling market, which is produced by digesting methane from landfills, dairy farms, and other biological sources. However, the procedure does not completely eliminate carbon emissions. Which electrolyzer technologies can significantly reduce the cost of green hydrogen generation will have a significant impact on the cost.
By 2030, HyDeal LA will produce 3.6 million tons of green hydrogen yearly at a cost of 1.50 euros ($1.83) per kilogram, based on the European project HyDeal Ambition. In addition to electrolysis, there is a possibility of obtaining green hydrogen from organic waste in an environmentally friendly manner.
There is stronger public and private support for the development of renewable hydrogen in the European Union due to a lower price differential between renewable hydrogen and natural gas. There is a lot of offshore wind energy in the EU, which can be used to power electrolyzers.
Today, the amount of hydrogen that is environmentally beneficial is less than 1%. In addition to coal, which is dubbed “brown” hydrogen, natural gas is used to create “gray” hydrogen. “Blue” hydrogen is made from natural gas with carbon capture and storage.
To protect high-paying fossil fuel employment while creating new ones and cleaning up some of the most polluted neighborhoods, Green Hydrogen Coalition founder and president Janice Lin says a vibrant green hydrogen market is needed to power everything from turbines to marine boats.
The U.S. has fallen behind Europe in its green hydrogen initiatives, but the Biden administration aims to make up for the lost time in this regard. To achieve its ambitious cost-reduction goals by the end of the decade, DOE’s newly announced Hydrogen Shot initiative is looking for regional demonstration projects that might serve as a springboard.
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